Together with dairy manufacturing, it’s now recognized that the meat trade accounts for 83% of agricultural land use and produces 18% of greenhouse gases, together with methane and nitrous oxide. What’s extra, a examine from the College of Oxford discovered that following a vegan eating regimen may scale back a person’s carbon footprint by as much as 74%, making it the one finest manner to assist the planet. That may sound like a no brainer, proper? Regardless of these statistics, meat options closely in cuisines world wide and many people could not think about life with out it. Fortunately, substitutes have grow to be more and more fashionable in recent times, significantly people who emulate meat in style and texture. One thing lesser recognized is lab-grown meat – right this moment we’re introducing Clarisse Beurrier of Animal Various Applied sciences, an organization primarily based in Cambridge, UK that makes use of 3D printing to create cultured meat. To be taught extra about her motivations and ideas on the meat trade as it’s, learn on.
3DN: May you introduce your self and clarify your connection to 3D printing?
My identify is Clarisse Beurrier and I’m the co-founder and CEO of Animal Various Applied sciences. We’re a B2B engineering startup primarily based on the College of Cambridge centered on scaling cultured meat for sustainability and meals safety. 3D printing has an vital position to play on this modern area of cell agriculture (this time period means making agricultural merchandise by rising cells as a substitute of elevating and slaughtering animals). At Animal Various Applied sciences we already use 3D printing for a lot of purposes as a result of it affords nice flexibility, particularly for fast prototyping and creating customized components.
My hope is to make cultured meat manufacturing accessible to all, leaving nobody behind on this race to reinvent meat. We’re creating scalable industrial processes for main mammalian meat sorts, first processed meat sorts after which structured as steaks, specializing in price discount.
3DN: What have been your motivations for founding AAT?
Livestock is the most important land use on the planet, a significant supply of greenhouse gasoline emissions, and the most important supply of deforestation, water air pollution, demand for antibiotics, and infections of recent ailments akin to swine flu. Cultured meat generally is a sustainable, moral and secure different to animal husbandry. Nevertheless, there’s nonetheless no commercially viable manufacturing course of. Moreover, there are excessive obstacles to entry, akin to ~$100 million and 5 years R&D required that forestall its widespread adoption. AAT removes these obstacles to entry by performing all needed R&D and providing pre-approved end-to-end cultured meat manufacturing programs which can be additionally viable alternate options to bigger manufacturing unit farms.
And we consider we can assist in an already current broader development away from meat. Take the UK and France for instance, each international locations have excessive meat intakes (each above the beneficial quantity) and meat has lengthy been an emblem of social standing and masculinity in each of those international locations. Nevertheless, within the final 20 years youthful generations have been transferring away from meat consumption, citing environmental, moral and well being issues. Consequently, there was a surge of different protein alternate options onto the market each from established huge gamers but in addition from new startups like HappyVore, in addition to a part of grocery store chains’ personal choices. Within the UK there appear to be extra ready-made choices, streamlined for comfort and wider chicken choices, whereas in France folks historically eat extra crimson meat.
3DN: How does Animal Various Applied sciences use additive manufacturing?
At AAT we primarily use additive manufacturing to provide particular components for our bioreactor prototypes (machines just like beer fermenters that enable cells to be grown by offering them with optimum circumstances, akin to temperature, oxygen, vitamins, and so on.). We have now a staff of engineers and entry to specialised workshops as a result of the machines in the marketplace (even the smallest ones) price greater than 20,000 euros and usually are not made to provide cultured meat. They’re poorly tailored, not solely to the wants of the cells, but in addition of this new trade which may solely achieve success if the price of manufacturing is aggressive with the value of standard (slaughterhouse) meat. We additionally use it to make molds for supplies (crops or composites) that act as a framework, the place cells connect to it and grow to be muscle/fats, and to fabricate some components of our biosensors.
3DN: Can 3D printing affect the way in which we eat meat?
Because of its large applicability, 3D printing can play a job in varied points of different meat improvement and/or manufacturing. At AAT we largely use 3D printing to construct customized components for aesthetic meat manufacturing programs, whereas some plant-based meat firms like Novameat, for instance, use it to create higher meat textures and flavors. One other cultured meat startup, Aleph Farms, has made a prototype ribeye by instantly bioprinting stay cells. I am additionally concerned with seeing if bioprinting know-how can evolve and be a viable possibility for at the least a part of a large-scale cultured meat manufacturing course of, because it may improve our choices and adaptability. But, these two applied sciences are so new and have a lot potential that it is just the start of a symbiotic relationship.
3DN: Who’re the shoppers? How do you assume it’s going to change over time?
Some preliminary market analysis was carried out on potential cultured meat clients. They look like primarily conventional meat eaters, who themselves usually tend to be middle-aged males with larger incomes. These clients need the identical meat, are hooked up to the social mores and custom related to the merchandise, and prioritize style over different components. Specifically, early adopters of cultured meat are individuals who like novelty and are on the lookout for an edge. They’re interested in know-how and exert a sort of technical management of their firms themselves.
Cultured meats will initially be priced just like natural meats after which bought as a extra premium product. However because the know-how scales, prices will be additional lowered. Over time, with a wider vary of merchandise and costs, I believe the aesthetic meat trade will be capable of appeal to a wider vary of buyer profiles, from totally different socio-economic teams, cultures, and so on.
3DN: What are the issues that have to be completed to foster acceptance of cultured meat among the many public?
I believe similar to with any new know-how, full disclosure and transparency are key for folks to belief the product. That is particularly vital in our case, since we’re speaking about meals. The EU Novel Meals Regulation is a rigorous course of that each cultured meat firm should comply with so as to have the ability to promote their merchandise within the EU, so that buyers will be assured that they meet the very best requirements of high quality and security. Since cultured meat will almost definitely be priced larger than cattle meat, I believe it is also vital for purchasers to know why and the way it compares whereas holding cattle meat to the identical requirements of transparency.
3DN: Any final phrases for our readers?
Thanks to your curiosity and curiosity on this area and we’d love to listen to from you! Do you’ve got different purposes for 3D bioprinting in foodtech in thoughts? How would you handle the challenges of accelerating cultured meat to make it cost-competitive with animal-raised meats? You will discover out extra about different animal know-how on our web site HERE or in our analysis HERE.
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*All photograph credit: Animal Various Applied sciences/AAT